In the heart of the Madrid de los Austrias, one of the oldest neighborhoods of the city, is the Plaza Mayor, the most visited by tourists who come to the village and Court. Therefore, accommodation is wide and is not difficult to find cheap hotels in adjacent streets. The area is a favorite of American travelers and comes recommended in numerous travel guides. Thanks to the Internet it is very easy to get cheap hotels in Madrid in a few minutes and in a comfortable way. Several guilds congregated in the Plaza Mayor: cuchilleros, butchers and other food professionals. All that has given way nowadays to the souvenir shops and other more specialized establishments: hat, stores of musical instruments, philately, religious imagery and other centuries-old trades that really seem to be decorated in a period film.
The plaza architect of El Escorial, among other dates from the time of Felipe II, who commissioned the work to his camera, Juan de Herrera, architect many buildings. However, the project was never carried out and the original plans were lost in a fire. Throughout history, the square has undergone three major fires. The current appearance is due to the work of Juan de Villanueva who, among other improvements, closed the accesses of the streets with arches and equalled the height of buildings. The plaza, in addition to shopping centre and municipal life, has been scene of great events such as the coronation of Kings or the canonization of Saints – for example, in San Isidro, Madrid – pattern. But the Plaza Mayor has also attended most gruesome events, such as the burning of heretics or public executions. It has also served to theatrical performances, public holidays, and even bullfights.
With a very busy life no wonder that their small squares and alleys are teeming with legends. On Sunday, the square is filled with collectors who visit its famous flea market philatelic and Numismatic. And during the Christmas season, from mid-19th century, the Christmas market, is mounted where You can buy traditional Nativity scenes, as well as pines, firs and everything necessary for the decoration of Christmas trees. In the vicinity of the Plaza Mayor are numerous historic buildings which deserve a visit: the Court prison, Casa Cisneros, the Casa de la Villa, the Lujanes Tower or the Basilica of San Miguel, enclaves that they show different architectural, almost always austere and functional styles. In the Cava de San Miguel and Arco de Cuchilleros Street some of the most typical locals where you can enjoy tapas are. The Meson de La Guitarra, El Boqueron, the mushroom or Las Cuevas de Luis Candelas are years the delight of visitors. The nephew of Botin, which dates from 1725, listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest restaurant in the world.