Man is in constant flux. He has been developing skills and tastes for many things, they do see their tendencies and sensitivity, allowing to explore new areas of great beauty and among these fine activities undertaken that have allowed man to develop his sensitive side , there is art in its various forms, that their great variety and beautiful examples of good taste have gained a place in society. Referring to art speaks of a large group of activities and techniques, but among all these great ways of making art painting stands out, thanks to the beautiful forms that are embodied in works of art easily captivate the eyes of many people. It is worth saying that through painting, various techniques were found very useful for the tables, allowing located in the oil painting which, thanks to the ease with which this technique has become the most appropriate way to perform various paintings. In speaking of the oil painting is being done regarding the use of certain types of oils that when combined with other substances obtained as a result an excellent product that is highly effective for the realization of paintings, the oil becoming the ideal material for the realization of the paintings, being so much the importance of oil in the conduct of the paintings that came a time when Oil the term ceased to be relevant only to the material but also refers to the painting itself. The oil painting is well known since ancient times dating back to ancient times, because that was widespread among a large number of artists who were the beneficial properties of oil when making the paintings. This oil painting had a strong presence in the Middle Ages, a period in which oil paint was widely used by combining this technique with egg tempera or fresco. The mixture of these materials are largely used when making alterations to works that were done in plaster, which contributed to the drying process was much faster. With the passage of time and the constant process improving the technique of oil painting were developed based best blends of oils that allowed better results in the realization of oil painting. Among the materials most used for oils useful for the realization of oil paint, linseed stood out, which when combined with different materials, oils were obtained with a particular color, it is worth clarifying that flax-seed was one of use materials becoming more of a general reference, no clutch was very present in society of painters who each had their own combinations and materials to do when oil painting. Among the advantages of oil paint for artists, is the possibility of oil paint with greater confidence to be able to have more time so we can make oil painting slowly and without any effort, also painting appeared in olea the advantage of touch ups to work every day or change aspects of Painting oil as the composition, colors, and many others.